Shear-thickening in presence of adhesive contact forces : the singularity of cornstarch A Gauthier, G Ovarlez, A Colin (2023)

Shear-thickening in presence of adhesive contact forces : the singularity of cornstarch
A Gauthier, G Ovarlez, A Colin, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science,
Volume 650, Part B, 2023, Pages 1105-1112,
ISSN 0021-9797 (2023)

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2023.07.017.

Résumé :

Hypothesis : A number of dense particle suspensions experience a dramatic increase in viscosity with the shear stress, up to a solid-like response. This shear-thickening process is understood as a transition under flow of the nature of the contacts – from lubricated to frictional – between initially repellent particles. Most systems are now assumed to fit in with this scenario, which is questionable.
Experiment : Using an in-house pressure sensor array, we provide a spatio-temporal map of the normal stresses in the flows of two shear-thickening fluids : a stabilized calcium carbonate suspension, known to fit in with the standard scenario, and a cornstarch suspension, which spectacular thickening behavior remains poorly understood.
Findings : We evidence in cornstarch a unique, stable heterogeneous structure, which moves in the velocity direction and does not appear in calcium carbonate. Its nature changes from a stress wave to a rolling solid jammed aggregate at high solid fraction and small gap width. The modeling of these heterogenities points to an adhesive force between cornstarch particles at high stress, also evidenced in microscopic measurements. Cornstarch being also attractive at low stress, it stands out of the classical shear-thickening frame, and might be part of a larger family of adhesive and attractive shear-thickening fluids


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